WHAT HAPPENS TO THE SKIN AS YOU GET OLDER?
- Less collagen. Studies show that women’s skin loses about 30% of its collagen within the first 5 years of menopause. And after that, we continue to lose a further 2% of our collagen every year for the next 20 years. Losing collagen makes your pores can look larger as a direct result of a lack of skin firmness. Big pores make your skin look and feel rougher and less even.
- Less elastin and less effective elastin. The elastin itself becomes less stretchy and less effective and keeping skin bouncy and bright.
- Poorer skin healing. This makes the skin more prone to Growths such as skin tags, brown rough patches (seborrheic keratoses) and other blemishes. Plus even minor rubbing or pulling on the skin can cause skin tears.
- Thinning of the dermis, or deeper layers of the skin. You see fewer cells, and blood vessels in the dermis as you age. The blood vessels themselves are more prone to breaking. So, you can get marks that look like bruises in the skin.
- Less sweat, sebaceous or oil glands, and fewer hair follicles. Less oil production means drier skin.
WHAT SKINCARE WILL HELP MATURE SKIN?
It’s never too late to stop UV damage from the sun’s rays. Look for a Broad Spectrum sun screen that has both UVA and UVB protection.
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs):
These include glycolic, citric and lactic acid. They help exfoliate or remove dead skin cells. AHAs prepare your skin to better absorb other products like Vitamin A and stimulates the growth of smoother, more evenly pigmented new skin. AHAs seem to increase the density of collagen and improve elastin formation.
Niacinamide (Vitamin B3)
Your skin needs to be hydrated so a moisturiser will be essential. Within your moisturiser look for key active ingredients that can both protect from and improve signs of aging.
At concentrations between 3 and 5%, niacinamide has been shown to decrease wrinkles, in part through its action as an antioxidant, but also by building collagen. It also helps reduce trans epidermal water loss in the skin and improve skin elasticity. It also seems to reduce skin sensitivity to irritating skincare ingredients such as soap and even retinoids.
L-Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)
This blockbuster ingredient helps your skin produce collagen and elastin. It acts as an anti-oxidant and reduces wrinkles, fine lines, and crow’s feet. It also brightens and evens out skin tone while protecting and repairing your skin from UV ray damage.
Retinal (Vitamin A)
Retinal reduces fine lines and wrinkles by increasing the production of collagen. They also stimulate the production of new blood vessels in the skin, which improves skin colour. They also increase skin cell turnover help to fade pigmentation spots and softening rough patches of skin.
WHAT SKINCARE INGREDIENTS TO AVOID WITH MATURE SKIN?
Basically, anything that dries out the skin. That includes soaps and toners.
Plus, anything that is pro-inflammatory to your skin. Especially microbeads or rough exfoliators.
This next stage is an exciting one! Enjoy it knowing you can combat aging skin if you want to!